ultraman king joe


Imagine that you've spent weeks/months working on your home-made-from-scratch rendition of a media property that's never been commercially produced... only to hear that Megabucks Corp. has just announced release of their ultimate version! Bummer, huh?

Nope, that's not me. I learned that lesson a long time ago (hint: if you put large breasts on everything, you're usually pretty safe). I'd started making a 12" King Joe a long time ago, but I didn't get very far and it would have been a bear of a project. So when I found Banpresto's 14" vinyl King Joe, I was content to do a few modifications to improve its articulation. At that time I had no idea that Medicom would ever produce one; once they announced, I jumped at the opportunity to preorder it.

I had pretty high expectations: From the Banpresto vinyl, I knew that a major obstacle to achieving articulation and remaining faithful to the costume design was the fact that the TV show's costume was a rubber suit. Admittedly, this looks kinda funky for a robot that you'd expect to be made of some kind of metal, but dem's da facts of vintage TV shows. ("It's a very special metal that we aliens use to make robots and condoms!") A faithful reproduction of the costume at doll-scale would have to be done with rubber, and who better to do it than Medicom?

After months of waiting through delays, it finally arrived... and to be perfectly honest, I was a little disappointed. It's not Medicom's fault: They did a fine job. I have no complaints about any major aspect of their production-- quality, detail, fidelity, fit, finish, etc. (Okay, the price...this one reflects a price hike above an already steep price). The detailing of the head antennas and the clear plastic chest panels are much better than Banpresto's efforts; the rivetless thigh panels are more faithful to the costume. It's a neat-looking piece that fits in well with the rest of their "Real Action Hero" line of Ultra-stuff.

ultraman king joe

I couldn't be disappointed with the lack of lighting effects since none of their other dolls have them either. It's a shame though, since the costume lighting effects are a big part of their "look", and the King Joe costume has an interesting set of sequenced light effects. As a practical matter, the omission makes sense: Lighting and sound effects are a gimmick that would probably be appreciated for only a brief initial period of the doll's lifetime. The aging battery would then become a liability. This would add quite a bit to the price since the design and assembly would have to deal with complications of light arrays, battery and switch placement, in addition to design of the timing circuit board. Given the already steep price and limited appeal of these things, I'm sure that Medicom didn't want to press the issue.

ultraman king joeI couldn't be disappointed that it's not very poseable-- none of the rubber suited dolls are, despite the super-articulated figure that's smothered under the rubber. For all practical purposes, King Joe's legs aren't really poseable. The armature can do it and the rubber suit can do it, but put them together and it's a no-go. I've come to realize that 12" dolls with conventional plastic armatures aren't really suitable to properly handle full, one-piece rubber suits. It's a lesson with a bit of irony: In theory, one of the reasons for using rubber is to eliminate seams and hide the hinged armature, making a more faithful, poseable version of the costume than one could achieve from a plastic toy figure (with exposed hinges and seams) or a static sculpture. In practice, what you get is good-looking doll with poseability that's fairly close to a static sculpture.

Along those lines, I also couldn't be disappointed that King Joe's hands are totally un-poseable. Like others in this series, they're like flexible molded gloves that have been sculpted as part of the arm casting. The armature's standard-issue "hands" (flippers, actually) don't even reach into the hand casting. That's not a big loss, since the flippers really wouldn't do much even if they did.

This isn't to say that there's no room for improvement. It seems obvious to me (now) that Medicom should have made a more robust armature exclusively for this specialized line of rubber-suited dolls. The RAH body works fine for dolls wearing traditional outfits which show skin or a humanoid contour, but it's a poor choice for this line. The reasons why they don't are likely economic: It's cost effective to produce a single universal body style for all their different lines. They're willing to do simple variations to customize it for specific monsters (mainly the head section), but charge considerably more for radical departures (like Garamon).

The main reason for my disappointment is pretty silly: Banpresto King Joe has been towering over the others in my collection for a long time now, and Medicom's is so much smaller. King Joe was a truly formidable opponent for Ultraseven; camera angles and shot framing of the TV episode amplified the drama and gave (me) the impression that King Joe should look much tougher than a run-of-the-mill alien. Taking BKJ's place and posed next to Medicom's Pegassa Seijin, Medicom's King Joe looks so puny, so meek. I recognize that it's not valid grounds for disappointment: The Medicom version is sized correctly, and is slightly taller than their Ultraseven.


King Joe variants have appeared in at least a couple of post-60s Ultra-series episodes: In the 1999 Ultraseven "Duplicated Man" video (center images), and in a 2005 Ultraman Max episode (right images). Both episodes reveal a different approach to the costume; instead of using a full rubber suit, the costumes are a mixture of rigid and flexible pieces (much like an armoured knight). I think this works and looks better than the full rubber suit, since the parts which look like they shouldn't smoosh, (usually) don't. It was interesting to see how they made the changes, as they clearly made an effort to retain as much of the original King Joe costume design as possible. Of the two, I prefer the 1999 Ultraseven version: The Ultraman Max version was heavily mixed with computer graphics footage, so perhaps that's why it looks somewhat stylized? In my opinion it looks cheaper; the lower pic shows the rubber suit's smooshable hips/codpiece area, just like the original.

ultraman king joe banpresto


Since the role of the official King Joe had been filled, I was free to see BKJ as a King Joe variant, maybe a "Mark II", or a "Super King Joe" (or with large robotty breasts, a "Queen Joe"?). This meant that I had no inhibitions about cutting him up to make articulation improvements and to get away from the full rubber suit paradigm.

My revisions to BKJ were quick & easy (since I'd already done the arms): The first and most obvious thing to do was to separate the upper torso from the lower along the natural seamline. This would permit full balljoint-like posing of the upper torso instead of the simple built-in rotational articulation. Since this wasn't the "real" King Joe, I wasn't concerned about preserving the original peaked shape of the sculpted-on "belt" (which happened to cross the original articulation seam).

Next up were the legs. I'd originally been too lazy to do anything about them since they served their purpose (to keep it standing up). One of the technical problems had been with the bellows at the knees and ankles. I'd been too lazy to make flexible ones, and the bellows I'd made for the arms didn't hold their shapes very well (ideally, they need to be rigid enough to hold their shape, but flexible enough not to inhibit articulation). I decided to use the vinyl casting's (semi)rigid bellows, but to separate them, ridge by ridge, and join them with a stretchy material backing, like a sleeve. That way they'd retain their shape, but the sleeve would be somewhat flexible. It's not the way bellows really work, but it's an easy compromise of look & functionality. (I wasn't expecting the doll be able to pose on bended knees-- armoured figures typically have pretty limited poseability.)

Next was the armature. I'd played around with parts from my dismembered doll parts box, but most of the junker parts were junkers for a good reason: The ankles and knee joints were modern PVC friction type, with no means of tightening them to make a good solid hinge. Even if I'd used the best of what I could find, I'd still have to lengthen and join parts together. I finally settled on a simple, upscale solution: An aluminum articulation armature for stop-motion animation. The segments were a perfect length to locate the ball joint ankles, knees, and hips, with a multi-segmented trunk sticking up through the hip section and into the upper torso. The armature's weight is a good thing, since it helps to lower the center of gravity of this rather big feller.

Separating the legs from the hips was maybe the most difficult part, from a design perspective: What would work best and not look really funky? The central problem is that articulation works best when the two abutting sides have smooth lines between them; otherwise, the parts bind. King Joe's design, with its wide legs and glommed-on cylindrical projections are about as far from smooth-lined as possible. That's not an issue for a full rubber suit, but causes some challenges for a mix of rigid & flexible materials. The videos provided examples of two different approaches, and I decided to follow the 1999 version's example, where the separation line is kept fairly straight by turning the top of the legs into a belt between the cylinders. They'd actually redesigned the parts to make it work better, and filled the gap with a dark, flexible material. I was working with a straight reproduction of the original design, so I didn't have the same degree of freedom to make it work as well, unless I invested a bunch of time in resculpting the area. Nawwww....

The legs were cut off from the hip section following the natural seamline around the crotch & cylinders, and cutting across the top of the leg in between. It became clear that I needed to keep the legs aligned with the hip section. This meant that the complex outline at the boundary of the legs and hips looked good only when aligned at their original orientation: If the legs were rotated or twisted, they wouldn't line up with the hips, and there would be gaping holes. That limited articulation to forward/backward and side-to-side sweeps. It's not an ideal setup for hip articulation, but sometimes you make do with what you're given. The legs were aligned to the hips by running elastic from the inner and outer sides of the legs up through retaining guides attached to the inside of the hip section. These are strung upwards through the armature, similar to the way a vintage GI Joe's legs are strung together through the torso and to the neck. To put it another way, the armature is wearing pant legs held up by suspenders, and the suspenders are threaded through channels on the inside of the hip section.

The final challenge was figuring out how to join the upper torso with the lower section. This didn't need to be anything real elaborate, since the doll's heavy enough for a loose press fit to be acceptable. Basically, the torso just needed something to retain the armature's trunk so that it didn't rattle around inside the torso-- a rubber bellows tubing (from a car) did the job nicely, held in place by the elastic that tensions the arms.

The aforementioned concept of "fit" is important for "posing performance" (for lack of a better term). When using an inner armature, it works best when exterior parts are secured or fitted to the armature in some manner, instead of floating around it. I've used the hips section as the "index point", and screwed the armature to that section. The leg sections are padded on the inside so that they generally track with the armature. If you don't do this, repositioning the armature won't necessarily produce any difference in the posing of the exterior parts-- it's a common-sense concept, like why you have to grab the steering wheel to turn your car.

For the purposes of this article, this a good stopping point. I've covered some basic structural modifications that you might want to make in a project like this, before tackling the details. That's a completely different phase, where you can exercise your creativity and finishing skills (I'm a slacker in that area). Offhand, I see some obvious opportunities for improvement sub-projects-- the head antennas, the visor & chest panels... it would be fun to open up some panels to put groovy mechanical detailing inside, or maybe even lights (There are plenty of LED "chaser" schematics on the 'Net.). Basically, you can get as nerdy as you want, if you've got the time!


This was supposed to be a review of Medicom's recently released King Joe, but the article followed the flow of real life: I received the much-anticipated and long-awaited package, unpacked it, admired the goods for a while, then put it up to replace the Banpresto King Joe. The real fun began when I started geekin' with the Banpresto King Joe. I won't belabour the obvious conclusion here except to suggest that you remove all the paper bills from your wallet and turn them into little Origami cranes. Wheee!

A review would probably be of limited value anyway, except as 'Net documentation of one of Medicom's releases. A true die-hard fan of this stuff would just buy the thing, like I did. If you've bought one of their releases before, there are no big surprises here. Medicom has the market sewn up, so it's not about comparison shopping: Basically, if you don't buy when they release, you probably won't be able to later.

ultraman king joe



Although earlier in this article I commented that light effects were a gimmick with a limited novelty lifespan, I've since realized that that's kinda true about the store-bought doll itself! For me, the real "play value" comes from what I can do to it. Back in the day when computer games were written by mere mortals, I didn't really like playing the games-- I enjoyed figuring out how they worked and editing file structures so that I could cheat.

After finishing the first part of this article, I Googled for LED chase circuits and found plenty of schematics websites, but I also found Quality Kits, which had bagged LED kits with printed circuit boards and all the parts you'd need (except the 9-volt battery connector). It's much easier to get it all in one place than digging through your own parts boxes and placing small orders for what you're missing. The downside is that it's pretty hard to tell what the kits do from a written description. Unless you're fluent in electronics or breadboard the circuit before you build it, you find out exactly what it does after you've built it and power it up... if you've built it correctly and you haven't fried any parts during assembly. That would be me, and that's why I was surprised when the light kit didn't do what I thought it was going to do. (But at least I'd built it right and hadn't fried anything.)

As you can see from the unused PC board, I didn't assemble it exactly as they'd intended. Although the PC board was fairly small, my peculiar point-to-point construction method offers more flexibility when installing the circuit in the doll's body. I've used this for slot car lighting too, since there's sometimes not room for a circuit board packed with components; the only way to get the circuit to fit is to put components whereever there's room.

The main challenge of assembling circuits this way is planning how leads should connect so that the assemblies are strong, the components don't get flexed loose, and nothing is likely to cause shorts. Generally speaking, rigid component leads should be short so they don't flex much. To do this, you have to pre-tin as much as you can, and solder hot and quick. I used a 100W Weller soldering gun because it melts solder so quickly, since I was soldering 2-3 mm of LED/diode leads without a heat sink. If you dwell too long with lower power, there's more cumulative heat build-up, which tends to fry components. (I learned this basic "truism" from soldering surface mount LEDs, which are a little smaller than matchheads.)

As for the circuit: I thought it would be 2 LEDs chasing each other down two lanes of 6 LEDs each, in a circular clockwise pattern-- just like the lights on the TV version of King Joe! Wishful thinking, I suppose. Instead, it's two rows of LEDs flashing in tandem, one direction and then the other. Kinda like the Knight Rider car, or the the Cylon eye-sweep, except it's two LEDs at a time. It looks kinda kewl, nonetheless. Besides, the objective had already been compromised: I'd intended to use white 3mm LEDs, but they were outrageously expensive-- I got a 25 pack of green 3mm LEDs for the price of a couple of white ones.

I still think that lights are a gimmick that will entertain you for a only a brief period of the doll's lifetime; however, constructing and installing a light kit can bring many hours of entertainment, and maybe teach something along the way. Besides that, the project can be fodder for a website article addendum, with the rare opportunity to show off some cheap action video:


(sorry, the sound effects were dubbed...)




12/02/17- Clever title, huh? No, it's not King Joe with boobs. Everybody knows that robots are genderless because they're manufactured, so they have no need for sexual dimorphism... although they could be manufactured to resemble females and... naw. Why would anyone want to do that?

On the other hand, what if you were to replace the crummy, broken and decaying Medicom figure in their rubber King Joe suit with a rubber-skinned Phicen female doll with a stainless steel skeleton? Wow... not only would you have a building-smashing robot with an inner female, but you'd also have a King Joe doll that could actually be posed! And you'd never have to worry about the Phicen doll's skin cracking and rotting because you'd never see it. Shazam!

broken Medicom figure

Serendipitously, the tall-ish Phicen female doll is almost a perfect size to replace Medicom's figure, and the squishy flesh helps when dressing it with the King Joe suit. The only part that doesn't fit is the "skull" used to rigidize the suit's head. It could probably be adapted to fit the Phicen neck-head connector, but it's not really needed: The robot doesn't have a neck, and the head section isn't supposed to turn or tilt. Just don't pick it up by it's squishy head (or the plastic lens might pop out).

The hardest part was separating the top and bottom sections, which are glued together at the chest, right under the robo-manboobs. The glue is very strong and on mine, the glue job didn't leave any gaps to insert a prying tool. I had to work on it to create the gap. Removing the arms was a lot easier.

I used a female Phicen doll instead of a male because its limbs were much thinner and easier to insert into the King Joe pants section. The Medicom figure wears a one-piece spandex suit which makes it easier to insert into the casting; it's unnecessary with the Phicen doll. The only reason for using it or something like it would be if you don't glue the arm sleeves on, to eliminate the possibility of showing bare doll flesh at the shoulder opening. The Medicom figure also has foam padding taped around the abdomen and ankles, presumably to make those areas less squishy. I don't think it's necessary.

The King Joe shoes are rigidized with an inner plastic boot; the Phicen feet will need to clear the edges to insert fully into the foot. The shoes are a separate part so that they could be removed, but there's limited value in doing so. In theory, separating them and joining them with the feet would allow the shoe-foot to rotate and tilt. However, the ball-socket joints at the feet are too wimpy to support the additional weight of the suit, so the doll would be more prone to toppling: Replacing the lightweight plastic armature with a Phicen makes the King Joe doll much heavier.

Inserting the Phicen doll into the upper torso was an interesting challenge. As mentioned, the squishy flesh does help with squeezing the arms through the opening and into the arm holes-- 3 of 4 limbs on the Medicom figure broke off when I removed it from the suit (they must have heat-softened the suit when inserting it). The "interesting challenge" part came from the Phicen figure's enormous boobs. After fitting the pants section, they rested snugly against the upside-down "V" at the top of the pants section (it looked very odd). To clear the lip of the top section, they needed to be squished flat. However, once inside and allowed to expand, they did a great job of keeping the top section in place and supporting the shaping of the chest area. This helped with gluing the suit back together and is something solid to grasp when posing the doll.

Medicom King Joe with Phicen replacement figure

Caveats: Once the upper and lower suit sections are glued together, the figure is there to stay. There's a good possibility of the glue getting on the figure, possibly marring it, but once it's sealed up, you can't tell (and it's irrelevant). It's likely a one-way trip for the figure.

Medicom King Joe with Phicen replacement figure

You should know that this doesn't give the King Joe doll super-poseability. The rubber suit is quite thick in parts and not very poseable, even with a significantly stronger armature underneath. Limited torso twists and bending poses are possible, but the rubber suit doesn't stretch. It folds in unnatural ways: When the torso is bent forward, the hip cylinders flatten and the center section pooches outward.

The same is true of the legs; the stronger armature's knees can hold a bent pose better, but the suit's hip area isn't flexible enough to allow much forward or rearward movement of the legs. Same for the ankles, which are non-poseable. So while the legs and hips can hold poses better than the stock armature, they're still very limited and you'd be hard pressed to achieve a bent knee standing pose. The sideways leg spread is less of a problem and it's easy to pose a closed or wide-spread stance. The armature's legs and hips articulation is best used for adjusting the inner figure's center of gravity to help it balance.

The biggest area of improvement is in the arms. The suit's arms are rubber sleeves and have no problem bending with elbow posing (within generous limits). I chose to leave the arm sleeves unglued because they stay positioned on the arms pretty well and the free rotation at the shoulders might give a little bit of extra poseability. The Phicen doll has very good and strong shoulder and elbow articulation and can be posed in ways that aren't possible with the Medicom armature.

As mentioned, posing the hands is problematic. The Phicen figure's hands don't reach into the suit's gloves (which are filled with cotton), so a skeletal hand extension would need to be constructed to move the wrist joint closer to where it should be. To see what you were doing and to allow wrist rotation, the suit's hands would need to be cut off; you'd then need to deal with the cutout from where the wrist cylinder was. Unlike the shoes, separating the hands would not have any adverse effects on anything important, like the ability to stand. However, it would be a lot of work that I didn't see as worth pursuing.

While the Medicom suit is a very good replica of the screen suit, simplifying it for one-piece castings at the smaller scale limits the poseability. For one thing, the screen suit's material is thinner at scale and folds/stretches easier, which makes it possible for the suit actor to walk and straddle Ultraseven. The screen's suit uses a mix of materials with different degrees of flexibility (like the bellows at the ankles and knees) that help the supposedly rigid parts retain their shape better while making it easier for the parts that are supposed to bend to bend. The hips, arms and bellows are made of a thin, very flexible material, while chest-head and shin segments are reinforced to be more rigid. At 1:6 scale, extremely thin rubber would likely tear; thin rubberized fabric would be stronger, but would greatly complicate production. Neither would hold shapes very well.

The heart of the problem is the screen suit itself, and the limitations imposed by the technology and budget. The suit actor needed to be able to move, so flexible rubber was used in areas that should logically have been rigid; this allowed the use of improbable designs (like the hips) which are very difficult to replicate faithfully at 1:6 scale. Medicom did the best they could, favoring rigidity to preserve the shaping.

Well, almost. The RAH armature is unsuitable for this and most of their rubber-suited Ultraseries releases: The articulation hinges aren't up for the job. In fairness, Phicen's stainless steel armature technology (in a toy figure context) wasn't around when Medicom made these. Medicom eventually got hip to the idea with their Garamon release, but by that time, the series was nearing its end.

Their inexcusable blunder was in using a flawed plastic formulation that becomes brittle with age. I've had to replace several armatures (including this one) when arms or legs would inexplicably break off with the application of minimal force. This is never a good thing, but it's worse when the armature is sealed in a rubber suited doll, and not meant to be removeable. Articulated plastic dolls have been around for decades, so there should have been no reason to use a new, unproven plastic forumulation in a product like this, and especially since the figure is designed with quality features that add to the cost, like screw assembly.

In my original 2007 article I mentioned that the Medicom armature was inadequate; 10 years later, we finally have an armature that's up for the job. Unfortunately, it's a little too late for the RAH Ultraseries line...



01/01/18- This is the Medicom King Joe with an improved lighting gimmick, thanks to the Arduino Beetle programmable microcontroller. It's powered by a rechargeable 3.7v 150mAh Lipo battery and controls 14 SMD LEDs; the on/off switch is the battery plug (1.25mm Ultra Micro). The circuit and battery are accessible through an opening cut in the suit behind the backpack, the backpack is held in place by magnets. The chasing LEDs are diffused by gold-painted paper behind the clear visor lens (this also hides them when the lights aren't on).

The Arduino sketch is in this article.

(Audio SFX from the show is dubbed.)

Medicom King Joe with Arduino lighting